Persian Cat Breed Information

Learn all about Persian Cats, read about the Persian Breed information, find out about the Persian Breed Standard, Persian behavior and lots more about Persians.

Persian Cat Breed Introduction

Persian Cat Pictures

The Persian cat breed, also known, especially in Britain, as the longhair Persian, is instantly recognizable for the characteristic short muzzle and long, usually light-colored fur. The fur takes a little work to keep groomed, but Persian fans think it's worth it.

Persian Behavior/Personality

Source: Wikipedia (March 2006)

While it's not exactly a behavior, one of the most important things to keep in mind if you're going to share your home with a Persian cat is the animal's high-maintenance fur. Persian cats need regular brushing and also need to be bathed.

Persian Breed Standard/Physical Description

Here are some facts on the Persian breed based on information in Wikpedia (March 2006) and the Cat Fanciers Association's Breed Standard.

  • Head: round and big with a very broad skull, and a broad snub nose
  • Ears: small and round-tipped
  • Eyes: bright and round
  • Body: large or medium-sized
  • Legs: short and thick
  • Paws: large and round, with five toes in front and four in back
  • Tail: short and curved
  • Coat: long and thick, fine, glossy; there are a variety of colors

Persian History

Source: Cat Fanciers Association Breed Profile and Wikipedia (March 2006)

As the name, Persian, would imply, it's widely believed that the Persian cat breed originated in Iran. Modern Iran roughly corresponds with the location of ancient Persia, and most of its people are ethnically Persian or Farsi. Yet the exact origins of the breed are less certain. The fact is that the breed as we know it today came to us via England. In England there was substantial cross-breeding with other longhair breeds of cats, especially the Angora, as well as domestic shorthair cats.

One troubling aspect of the Persians' history as a breed has to do with their muzzles. The original Persians in the 19th century, when modern cat breeding began, had characteristic short muzzles. Over time, breeders tended to exaggerate the short muzzle. By the end of the twentieth century, especially in North America, many Persian cats' muzzles were so short that they had severe sinus, respiratory, and other health problems as a result. Breeders are now working, largely successfully, to make sure their Persians do not have these health problems.

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